Scott Lindell, a research specialist at WHOI, says marine aquaculture—particularly farmed shellfish and seaweeds—provide essential micronutrients and bioactive compounds for human health. Seaweed, a generic name for the countless species of marine plants and algae, also offer a crucial ecosystem service. By removing carbon from the water, these plants reduce regional water acidification while promoting biodiversity in the ecosystem. Some communities are even using shellfish aquaculture as an alternative to sewering. Going deep for new treatmentsMost people view the ocean as a source of food, a site for recreation, and a mode of transport, but scientists believe the ocean holds potential treatments for many chronic diseases, as well as a source for new antibiotics.