Earth’s global average surface temperature in 2020 tied with 2016 for the warmest year on record, according to an analysis by NASA. The bar chart below shows this year in the context of the past 140 years in the modern temperature record. Tracking global temperature trends provides a critical indicator of the impact of human activities—specifically, greenhouse gas emissions—on our planet. Scientists from Europe’s Copernicus program also have 2020 tying 2016 as the warmest year on record, while the UK Met Office ranked 2020 as the second-warmest. NASA’s full 2020 surface temperature data set and the complete methodology used to make the temperature calculations are available online.
This post is provided courtesy of Engaging Networks Accredited Partner, Zuri GroupSo, you’re ready to transition to a new nonprofit eCRM system. An electronic customer relationship management (eCRM) system transition requires thoughtful consideration of your team’s immediate needs and future goals. Before deciding which eCRM to implement, it’s essential to determine how exactly your current system both benefits and hinders those goals. Improving your team’s use of the current system is nearly always the faster and much less expensive route. Can you identify business objectives that the current system simply isn’t capable of meeting?
Robert Ballard, Ocean ExplorerRobert D. Ballard is Founder and President of the Ocean Exploration Trust; Director of the Center for Ocean Exploration and Professor of Oceanography at the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography. He is an Explorer-At-Large at the National Geographic Society, Commissioner for the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy, and a Research Scholar at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. He served in the U.S. Navy for more than 30 years and continues to work with the Office of Naval Research. He has also discovered hydrothermal vents and “black smokers” in the Galapagos Rift and East Pacific Rise in 1977 and 1979. His honors include 22 Honorary Doctorates, National Geographic’s highest award, the Hubbard Medal, and a National Endowment for the Humanities Medal.
In early March, a gleaming white submarine called Alvin surfaced off the Atlantic coast of North Carolina after spending the afternoon thousands of feet below the surface. For Bruce Strickrott, Alvin’s chief pilot and the leader of the expedition, these sorts of missions to the bottom of the world are a regular part of life. By the time Alvin’s makeover is wrapped up in late 2021, the storied submarine will rank among the most capable human-rated deep sea submersibles in the world. Courtesy of Woods Hole Oceanographic InstitutionTo upgrade Alvin, engineers had to tear the sub down to its metal skeleton at the National Deep Submergence Facility, a federally funded research space hosted at Woods Hole. The vessel is made almost entirely from custom components designed to withstand the uniquely hostile environment in the deep ocean, and the regular teardowns ensure that everything is in good shape.
There is a big difference between living on the coast and actually going out to sea, says WHOI Trustee Sam Coleman. Being at sea was a world away from talking about ocean science at meetings, according to WHOI corporation member Eric Anderson. “I came away with a visceral appreciation for the WHOI mission and so incredibly impressed by the Armstrong team,” he says. “You’re on a ship that is pitching in 12-foot seas and you have this couple-thousand-pound vehicle you’re trying to get into the water and back out again. “All of us observing were caught up in the drama because there was no guaranteed happy ending,” he says.
But in places such as the Central Aldan ore district in the Russian Far East—where concentrations of the precious metal have been discovered—mining operations are large enough to be seen from space. Central Aldan is one of Russia’s largest gold ore districts, with the mineral occurring in numerous deposits, or “lodes,” in the fractured rock. The Kuranakh gold deposit was discovered in 1947, and a moderate amount of gold was extracted by 1955. In areas where a lode has been eroded, pieces of gold can become concentrated by rivers and streams into placer deposits. From April to December in the 2019 mining season, three dredges extracted 18,600 ounces of gold from the Bolshoy Kuranakh placer deposit.
Picture StoryThe light of a winter dawn illuminates Mount Olstind on the Lofoten Isles with the pretty village of Reine in the foreground. We had arrived in Reine the previous evening after a long and arduous journey. Three flights with three different airlines, and then a long drive over snow covered roads to our accommodation. A short walk along the road took us to a viewpoint where we set up for this shot. Create your own portfolio page and let us share it monthly to over 700,000 members and followers.
Picture StoryI was hoping for either a stormy evening or a spectacular sunset but neither happened. So it was a 10 stop filter and see what a long exposure would bring. I couldn't get an image so I just stood and watched entranced by their beautiful presence. Hey VisitorDid you know that now we offer a VIP membership? Create your own portfolio page and let us share it monthly to over 700,000 members and followers.
Picture StoryLast winter before the pandemic shut down travel, I ventured to Canada to photograph the area around Lake Louise and the Icefield Parkway. On this particular day we were traveling back from a sunrise shoot at Abraham Lake and the methane bubbles. However, when we came upon Bow Lake and saw the way the clouds were in the sky and the broad unbroken expanse of the frozen lake, we knew we had to stop. With a lot of work, I managed to stomp out a trail down to the edge of the lake were I set up my tripod and camera. Create your own portfolio page and let us share it monthly to over 700,000 members and followers.
Follow us Follow usPicture StoryWest Montrose is a small village in Southwest Ontario that is home to the famous Kissing Bridge, the only remaining covered bridge in Ontario. Built in 1881, it spans the Grand River at an impressive 200ft. The bright red paint is a stark contrast to the white snow coating the fields and trees which surround it. Create your own portfolio page and let us share it monthly to over 700,000 members and followers. Benefits of VIP membership:• Your own portfolio page – click here to see sample• We promote your portfolio monthly to over 700,000 followers• Download 12 new issues of the magazine every year• Download ALL back issues• Download 2 premium eBooks worth £19.45.
Picture StoryAs I sit in -40 degrees Celsius weather, I often wonder why we venture out. This picture was taken just before a polar vortex hit and the snow and cold hit all at once. I view small snippets of a larger picture to be just as valid as the sweeping grandeur of mountains. Hey VisitorDid you know that now we offer a VIP membership? Create your own portfolio page and let us share it monthly to over 700,000 members and followers.
When the air is clear, it offers a great view of the sunrise all year long. It took me another half an hour to hike up to the peak, through the empty and snowy forest, bathed in the moonlight. It was still at least an hour before sunrise, but the top platform is very small and holds up only ten people. Still, I've managed to capture this peaceful scene: villages below, slowly waking up for the next day, covered with snow. Create your own portfolio page and let us share it monthly to over 700,000 members and followers.
Follow us Follow usWith winter approaching fast on the upper hemisphere, landscape photographers are looking forward to getting out there and creating their masterpieces. Mark Bauer helped us put together the ultimate guide to winter landscape photography Mark BauerIf you asked non-photographers what their favourite season is, it is likely that few would say winter. Yet, a huge number of photographers name it as their favourite time of year for landscape photography. At its best, winter delivers a wealth of photographic opportunities, including frosty sunrises, colourful sunsets and dramatic, stormy skies. The weather in winter can be unpredictable to say the least, and it can be daunting heading out into the cold on a freezing winter morning.
Picture StoryThe lake shore of Lake Michigan can be as beautiful as it is brutal. The day I was at the beach it was around ten degrees Fahrenheit. After shooting the lighthouse, which is the main attraction, I ventured along the beach looking for patterns in the snow and ice. Most of what you see in this photo is called shelf-ice, which is the build up of the waves that freeze along the beach. Create your personal portfolio page and let us share it monthly to over 400,000 members and followers.
Picture StoryI have been to visit Hocking Hills State Park near Logan, Ohio several times. There are several, separated areas that make up the park, and we decided to start with Old Mans Cave the next morning. In the stream at that spot, there is a rock shelf that the water flows over, and it had made an ice fall in addition to the waterfall. The pool just below that had also frozen over very smoothly, and allowed for a very fine reflection of the ice fall formations. Create your personal portfolio page and let us share it monthly to over 400,000 members and followers.
Picture StoryI was on my way to a beautiful house in our area to capture it on photo, when I suddenly came face to face with this beautiful tree, the tree stands along a dike in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands. Due to the many melt water high in the mountains of the Alps, the water in the rivers of the Netherlands was higher than normal and this tree was therefore in the water. Because it had also snowed in the Netherlands it looked all in all wintry and I thought it was time to take my nikon out of the bag and take this picture. Snow can no longer be taken for granted in the Netherlands, so this photo is a beautiful reminder of a beautiful winter in our small country. Create your personal portfolio page and let us share it monthly to over 400,000 members and followers.
Picture StoryYosemite National park is always a great place to visit, but during winter it just transforms into a magical place. As it always happens in photography, sometimes you just need a bit of luck to be at the right moment in time to take a good photo. The snowstorm clouds cleared at the right time to let the sunset rays hit the Sentinel Rock and give it the perfect glow. Hey VisitorDid you know that now we offer a VIP membership? Create your personal portfolio page and let us share it monthly to over 400,000 members and followers.
As I drove along a road in the country side I spied these willows all alone in the distance. I need to look harder but not necessarily with my eyes but instead with my vision. Recognizing these elements as components to my vision the scene called to me, urging me to find it. It is often the simplest of things that can speak with the loudest voice as this simple scene did to me. Create your personal portfolio page and let us share it monthly to over 400,000 members and followers.
Picture StoryThis image was taken in Biei, Hokkaido, Japan. This is probably the most famous lone tree in Hokkaido. I braved the -20 degrees Celsius during the morning of February 7, 2020 to scout around and look for possible foregrounds. One of the best times to visit Biei, Hokkaido is during summer where there are a lot of flowers making the scene vivid and colorful. Create your personal portfolio page and let us share it monthly to over 400,000 members and followers.
Picture StoryIn 2019 we had two main astronomical events in Southern Brazil. In the first one it was absolutely impossible to shoot, even driving as far as 300km from home, once it was completely overcast. In the second, on the other hand, the forecast was great and my plane was to shoot the eclipsed full moon rising over the Atlantic Ocean. At the location I've found the right place and waited until the right time. Create your personal portfolio page and let us share it monthly to over 400,000 members and followers.